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Caunos Ancient City

The rock graves of Caunos, which are opposite the locality Dalyan at a step mountain slope, did not lose their splendor for thousands of years. First, which the eye is seen that itself the rock graves of Caunos and the present graves the same atmosphere divide. The inhabitants of Dalyan love the Caunien and as the descendants of those accepted themselves. The 2500 years of old king graves from Caunos are as in the first years splendid. They can not turn away their views from the graves. This region was once under the rule of the Carian. However the antiquity city Caunos had its own culture and was independent. The city is surrounded with a wall, which shows different building phases in the Greek-Roman theater. The hot spring system, the agora, businesses, the port, nymphaen is appreciate for the antique city. The population of the city had never been over 4000 humans. A large part of the Caunian with fishery, fig breed, cattle breeding and maritime.

Trade concerned themselves. After the 8th C. AD, the urban population and a part of the population become impoverished settled as a worker in Aegean. In order to produce weapons the Caunian living up to the collapse in the city destroyed the old building around port to win. After the historical researches the remaining ancient buildings of the city were destroyed because of strong rainfalls and buried underground. Caunos was continuously exposed to hostile attacks because of its strategic position.

One sees the Persian, Lycian, Roman, Byzantine and later the Seljuk supremacy in this region. The Caunos has lived particularly a long under the Roman rule and by its culture was influenced. The city lives on with the Caunos legend. It told that the king Miletos of twin, a son named Caunos and a daughter named Byblis. After the legend loving forbidden by Caunos his sister become from the brother love. When father Miletos of this love experienced he hunted his son Caunos from the city. The hunted Caunos came into this region and created here his city with his own name. The city has a very important port in the antiquity. The excavations in the city began 1966 and still continue. In the next years the Roman Bath will be modified to museum and released to the tourism.